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New Zealand Plant Protection 59 (2006)

Introduction

Foreword

P.S. Stevens   p. xv

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Environmental Weeds and Pests

Measuring performance of invasive plant eradication efforts in New Zealand

P. Holloran   pp. 1-7

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The effect of competition and use of fertiliser on the seedling emergence of introduced gorse (Ulex europaea) and Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius)

N.J. Ledgard   pp. 8-11

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Suppression of emergence and growth of gorse (Ulex europaeus) seedlings by Fusarium tumidum

E. Yamoah, E.E. Jones, D.M. Suckling, G.W. Bourdōt and A. Stewart   pp. 12-17

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Surveys for potential biocontrol agents for moth plant in New Zealand and Argentina

N.W. Waipara, C.J. Winks, A.F. Gianotti, C.B. Villamil, S.C. Villamil, R. Delhey, M. Kiehr, M.G. Traversa and D.L. Carpintero   pp. 18-22

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Sclerotinia sclerotiorum shows potential for controlling water lettuce, alligator weed and wandering Jew

N.W. Waipara, G.W. Bourdōt and G.A. Hurrell   pp. 23-27

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Improving techniques for the Waxtag® possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) monitoring index

S.C. Ogilvie, A.M. Paterson, J.G. Ross and M.D. Thomas   pp. 28-33

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Horticultural Insects

Investigations into the major causal agent of rindspot on lemons

L.E. Jamieson, A. Harty, D. Zivkovic-Brady, R.A. Fullerton and P. Ramankutty   pp. 34-41

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The effect of mulching on adult emergence of Kelly's citrus thrips (Pezothrips kellyanus)

L.E. Jamieson and P.S. Stevens   pp. 42-46

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Armoured scale insect infestation on kiwifruit in relation to position on the vine

M.G. Hill MG, N.A. Mauchline and P. Ramankutty   pp. 47-50

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Techniques for detecting Actinidia resistance to leafrollers

C.E. McKenna, S.J. Dobson and P.G. Connolly   pp. 51-56

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Managing bronze beetle, Eucolaspis brunnea in organic apple orchards

D.J. Rogers, L.M. Cole, K.M. Delate and J.T.S. Walker   pp. 57-62

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The incidence of New Zealand flower thrips in stonefruit orchards between flowering and harvest

G.F. McLaren and P.A. Alspach   pp. 63-68

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Monitoring onion crops for onion thrips, Thrips tabaci

N.A. Martin, P.J. Workman and D. Hedderley   pp. 69-74

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Potential spread of pests in New Zealand through commercial transport of nursery plants

M.R. McNeill, C.B. Phillips, N.L. Bell and J.R. Proffitt   pp. 75-79

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Beneficial Micro-organisms

Seed coating with biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens F113

M. O'Callaghan, J. Swaminathan, J. Lottmann, D.A. Wright and T.A. Jackson   pp. 80-85

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Yeast isolates to inhibit blue mould and bitter rot of apples

K.S.H. Boyd-Wilson, N. Glithero, Q. Ma, P.A. Alspach and M. Walter   pp. 86-91

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Colonisation of apple roots by arbuscular mycorrhiza in specific apple replant disease affected soil

K.D.R. Kandula, E.E. Jones, A. Stewart and I.J. Horner   pp. 92-96

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Monoxenic culture of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Scutellospora calospora and Ri-TDNA transformed carrot roots

J. Kandula, A. Stewart and H.J. Ridgway   pp. 97-102

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Biosecurity

Effects of aggregation on the probability of detecting infestations in fresh produce consignments

M. Barron   pp. 103-108

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Evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of sterile insect release strategies against painted apple moth, Teia anartoides

S.L. Wee, J.M. Kean, A.E.A. Stephens and D.M. Suckling   pp. 109-118

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Irradiation conditions affect the quality of irradiated painted apple moth

A.E.A. Stephens, A.M. Barrington, N.M. Fletcher and D.M. Suckling   pp. 119-124

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The use of suction traps for detection of unwanted invasive insects and other invertebrates

D.A.J. Teulon and I.A.W. Scott   pp. 125-131

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A survey of sub-tropical nursery plants for fungal diseases in Northland

M. Braithwaite, C.F. Hill, S. Ganev, J.M. Pay, H.G. Pearson and B.J.R. Alexander   pp. 132-136

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The potential occurrence of Puccinia asparagi in New Zealand

S.L.H. Viljanen-Rollinson, Y. Deng, M.V. Marroni and L-H Cheah   pp. 137-140

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Species-specific PCR primers for Guignardia citricarpa and Guignardia mangiferae

K.R. Everett and J. Rees-George   pp. 141-145

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Detection of Pseudomonas syringae pv. papulans in apple budwood

J.L. Vanneste and J. Yu   pp. 146-149

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Plant Pathogens

A new potato late blight disease prediction model and its comparison with two previous models

W.R. Henshall, D. Shtienberg and R.M. Beresford   pp. 150-154

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Wheat stripe rust control using fungicides in New Zealand

S.L.H. Viljanen-Rollinson, M.V. Marroni and R.C. Butler   pp. 155-159

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Fungicide timing for the control of septoria tritici blotch of wheat

M.V. Marroni, S.L.H. Viljanen-Rollinson, R.C. Butler and Y. Deng   pp. 160-165

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Efficacy of root digestion and maceration in determining abundance of root-inhabiting nematodes

T.C. Rohan, N.L. Bell, N.D.F. Lee and L.T. Aalders   pp. 166-171

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Parasitoids and Predators

Mass-emergence devices to improve synchrony between Listronotus bonariensis and Microctonus hyperodae

P. Kehrli and C.B. Phillips   pp. 172-177

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Floral nectar affects longevity of the aphid parasitoid Aphidius ervi and its hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum

S.A. Araj, S.D. Wratten, A.J. Lister A and H.L. Buckley   pp. 178-183

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Influence of temperature and flowers on longevity of adult Platygaster demades

W.R.M. Sandanayaka and J.G. Charles   pp. 184-189

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Oviposition strategy of Aphidius ervi (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) in response to host density

X.Z. He, D.A.J. Teulon and Q. Wang   pp. 190-194

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Host age preference in Aphidius ervi (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae)

X.Z. He and Q. Wang   pp. 195-201

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Effect of mineral oil and diazinon residues on the predator European earwig, Forficula auricularia, in kiwifruit

B.J. Maher, D.P. Logan and P.G. Connolly   pp. 202-207

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The effects of pesticides on Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera), predators of slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda): literature review

R.F. van Toor   pp. 208-216

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Pesticides

Adjuvant and application technologies to minimise off-target drift from kiwifruit sprays

R.E. Gaskin, D.W.L. Manktelow and K.D. Steele   pp. 217-222

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Use of sulfuryl fluoride as an alternative fumigant to methyl bromide in export log fumigation

Z. Zhang   pp. 223-227

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Susceptibility of Scaptomyza flava (Diptera: Drosophilidae) to insecticides

N.A. Martin, P.J. Workman and D. Hedderley   pp. 228-234

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Insecticide practice for aphid control in potatoes

R.F. van Toor and D.A.J. Teulon   pp. 235-241

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Arable and Pastoral Weeds

Mesotrione - a new herbicide for weed control in maize

T.K. James, A. Rahman and J. Hicking   pp. 242-249

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Optimal timing for post emergence applications of nicosulfuron for weed control in maize

T.K. James, A. Rahman and M. Trolove   pp. 250-254

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Seasonal variation of 2,4-D export through surface runoff from pasture

K. Müller, R. Stenger and A. Rahman   pp. 255-260

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Mineral composition and nutritive value of some common pasture weeds

K.C. Harrington, A. Thatcher and P.D. Kemp   pp. 261-265

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Spread of Chilean needle grass (Nassella neesiana) in Marlborough, New Zealand

M. Bell   pp. 266-270

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Clover Root Weevil

Managing biological succession in intensive pastoral ecosystems for improved production and sustainability

N.L. Bell, S. Hardwick, J.P.J. Eerens and T.K. James   pp. 271-280

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A life sentence or parole: conditional release approval of biological control agents

S.A. Whiteman, B.I.P. Barratt and G.S. Ridley   pp. 281-284

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Rationale for release of the Irish strain of Microctonus aethiopoides for biocontrol of clover root weevil

P.J. Gerard, M.R. McNeill, B.I.P. Barratt and S.A. Whiteman   pp. 285-289

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Collections of Microctonus aethiopoides Loan (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Ireland

M.R. McNeill, J.R. Proffitt, P.J. Gerard and S.L. Goldson   pp. 290-296

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Methods to distinguish between the Microctonus aethiopoides strains that parasitise Sitona lepidus and Sitona discoideus

C.B. Phillips, I.I. Iline, C.J. Vink, L.M. Winder and M.R. McNeill   pp. 297-303

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Field application of biopolymer-coated Beauveria bassiana F418 for clover root weevil (Sitona lepidus) control in Waikato and Manawatu

M. Brownbridge, T.L. Nelson, D.L. Hackell, T.M. Eden, D.J. Wilson, B.E. Willoughby and T.R. Glare   pp. 304-311

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Modelling the farm scale impacts of clover root weevil herbivory

T.A. White and P.J. Gerard   pp. 312-316

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Viticulture

Monitoring leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in vineyards

P.L. Lo and J.T.S. Walker   pp. 317-322

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Phenology of the New Zealand flower thrips (Thrips obscuratus) in two vineyards

K. Schmidt, D.A.J. Teulon and M.V. Jaspers   pp. 323-329

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A review of the ecology of grapevine leafroll associated virus type 3 (GLRaV-3)

J.G. Charles, D. Cohen, J.T.S. Walker, S.A. Forgie, V.A. Bell and K.C. Breen   pp. 330-337

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Optimising the medium for producing arbuscular mycorrhizal spores and the effect of inoculation on grapevine growth

H.J. Ridgway, J. Kandula and A. Stewart   pp. 338-342

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Penetration of Trichoderma harzianum into grapevine wood from treated pruning wounds

I.C. Harvey and J.S. Hunt   pp. 343-347

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Laboratory assays for selection of Botrytis suppressive micro-organisms on necrotic grape leaf discs

M. Walter, S.M. Zydenbos, M.V. Jaspers and A. Stewart   pp. 348-354

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Disease assessment and epidemic monitoring methodology for bunch rot (Botrytis cinerea) in grapevines

R.M. Beresford, K.J. Evans, P.N. Wood and D.C. Mundy   pp. 355-360

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Poster Abstracts

Wiper application of herbicides to Californian thistle

C. Moyo, K.C. Harrington, P.D. Kemp and J.P.J. Eerens   p. 361

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Changes in thistle populations between 1984 and 2006 in Canterbury

R. Groenteman, D. Kelly, G.W. Bourdōt and S.V. Fowler   p. 361

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Leaf surface characteristics of different crops and weeds - development of a comprehensive database

A.K. Pathan   p. 362

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Impact of rearing method on genetic variation in a biological control agent, heather beetle

H.M. Harman, B.S. Weir and S.V. Fowler   p. 362

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Predator-prey interactions in lily bulb crops in Canterbury

G.M. Drayton, I.A.W. Scott, R.F. van Toor and S.R. Bulman   p. 363

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The development and emergence of Platygaster demades (Walker) under different photoperiods and temperatures

X.Z. He and Q. Wang   p. 363

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Trapping obscure mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni) and its natural enemy Pseudaphycus maculipennis (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in apple orchards

V.A. Bell, J.T.S. Walker, D.M. Suckling, L.A. Manning, A.M. El-Sayed, P.W. Shaw, D.R. Wallis and J.G. Millar   p. 364

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EPG as a tool for host plant screening?

W.R.M. Sandanayaka and J.G. Charles   p. 364

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Assessing onion thrips' behaviour in the presence of repellent and attractant volatile odours

R.W.H.M. van Tol, D.E. James, W.J. de Kogel and D.A.J. Teulon   p. 365

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Evaluation of methyl salicylate as an attractant for beneficial insects

P.W. Shaw and D.R. Wallis   p. 365

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'Aerial dispersal' of Agrotis infusa (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to New Zealand

M.S. Bullians, G.P. Walker, S. Winkler, G.S.C. Gill and J.E. Richmond   p. 366

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Occurrence and diversity of pests found in association with imported used vehicles

M.F.S.W. Fernando, M.S. Bullians, H.G. Pearson, C.A. Muir, D. Voice, B.J.T. McCarthy and D. Gunawardana   p. 366

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Passenger pests of furniture and wood products from Asia

H.G. Pearson, M.F.S.W. Fernando, K.L. Paice, Y. Antony, M.S. Bullians, G.M. Burnip, K.J. Froud, S.J. Bennett, C.A. Muir, D. Gunawardana, L.B. Kumarasinghe and B.J.T. McCarthy   p. 367

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Using stem-injected insecticides to protect urban amenity trees from herbivorous insects

S.F. Gous and D.J. Kriticos   p. 367

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Survival of Beauveria caledonica spores in novel biopolymer-based formulations for control of the bark beetle Hylastes ater (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

M. Brownbridge, T.L. Nelson, S.D. Reay, J. Swaminathan and T.R. Glare   p. 368

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Survival of Beauveria bassiana, a potential biocontrol agent for insect pests in kiwifruit orchard soils

C.V. Mander, D.P. Logan and T.A. Jackson   p. 368

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Detection of Fusarium circinatum in soil

K. Dobbie, M.W.P. Power, M.A. Dick and T.D. Ramsfield   p. 369

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Epidemiology of Nectria fuckeliana in Pinus radiata

P.E. Crane and M.A. Dick   p. 369

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Control of Phytophthora cinnamomi in Erica spp. in New Zealand

S.G. Casonato, R.A. Fullerton and M.A. Manning   p. 370

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Changes in populations of soilborne pathogens after rotational crops following potatoes

L-H. Cheah and A.T. Marsh   p. 370

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Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici infection of couch - association with take-all in a first-year wheat

S.L. Bithell, M.G. Cromey, C.C.L. Hide and A. McKay   p. 371

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Disease progress of sharp-eyespot in wheat fields

C.C.L. Hide, S.L. Bithell and M.G. Cromey   p. 371

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Integrated disease management to eradicate new asparagus diseases posing biosecurity threat to New Zealand

L-H. Cheah, C.M. Horlock and D.R. Beasley   p. 372

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Fungicide evaluation for the control of strawberry postharvest rots

O.E. Timudo-Torrevilla, R.W. Chynoweth, W.R. Henshall, T. Olsen, K.S.H. Boyd-Wilson, L. Hawes and M. Walter   p. 372

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New to New Zealand detection of common smut of corn (Ustilago maydis) from a single cornfield in Gisborne

K.J. Froud, M.S. Bullians, M. Braithwaite, M.F.S.W. Fernando, C.F. Hill and R. Midgley   p. 373

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Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) detection in New Zealand wheat crops

R.A. Lister, J.D. Fletcher, S.L. Bithell, F.M. Ochoa-Corona and G.M. Burnip   p. 373

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New plant virus disease records in New Zealand: update 2004-2005

B.S.M. Lebas, F.M. Ochoa-Corona, J.Z. Tang, D.R. Elliott and B.J.R. Alexander   p. 374

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Evaluation of three internal control primers for routine RT-PCR plant virus detection

R. Thangavel, F.M. Ochoa-Corona, B.S.M. Lebas, J.Z. Tang, D.R. Elliott and B.J.R. Alexander   p. 374

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Viruses infecting Solanum muricatum (pepino) in New Zealand: a survey of a germplasm collection

F.M. Ochoa-Corona, J.Z. Tang, B.S.M. Lebas, D.R. Elliott, R. Thangavel and B.J.R. Alexander   p. 375

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Detection of four viruses in Tropaeolum majus in New Zealand

J.Z. Tang, F.M. Ochoa-Corona, B.S.M. Lebas, D.R. Elliott, R. Thangavel and B.J.R. Alexander   p. 375

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Effect of age on successful parasitism of Sitona lepidus by Microctonus aethiopoides

T.M. Eden and P.J. Gerard   p. 376

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Reconciling the maintenance of quarantine cultures of Microctonus aethiopoides (Loan) with premature mortality in the host, clover root weevil, Sitona lepidus Gyllenhal

M.R. McNeill   p. 376

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Diversity of the weevil superfamily (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) in North Island pastoral systems: a brief survey

S.D.J. Brown and P.J. Gerard   p. 377

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SprayView - software tools for improving agrichemical use in horticulture

S.J. Gurnsey, J.T.S. Walker and A.J. Hodson   p. 377

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Vineyard weather stations in Marlborough and their role in grape disease management

R.H. Agnew   p. 378

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Falcons for grapes: a solution for bird damage?

N.C. Fox, V.P. Saxton, M.C.T. Trought and J.D. Holland   p. 378

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Appendices

Dan Watkins Scholarship in Weed Science - Clyton Moyo

  p. 380

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NZPPS Research Scholarship - Tara Murray, Naydene Barron

  pp. 381-382

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Material from these papers was presented at the New Zealand Plant Protection Society's Annual Conference held at Marlborough Centre and Brancott Winery, Blenheim on 8-10 August 2006.

This volume was edited by S.M. Zydenbos and published by The New Zealand Plant Protection Society Inc.

Please refer to the terms of use.