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New Zealand Plant Protection 57 (2004)

Introduction

Foreword

A.I. Popay   p. xvii

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Integrated Pest Management

Parasitism of lepidopteran larvae collected from vegetable crops and associated weeds at Pukekohe

G.P. Walker, M.S. Qureshi and A.R. Wallace   pp. 1-7

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Mortality of the leafroller parasitoid Dolichogenidea tasmanica (Hym: Braconidae) exposed to orchard pesticide residues

I.C. Newman, J.T.S. Walker and D.J. Rogers   pp. 8-12

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Guava moth in New Zealand - distribution, hosts, life cycle observations and discussion of pesticide management options

L.E. Jamieson, J.J. Dymock, T.E. Dawson, K.J. Froud, D.S. Seldon, D.M. Suckling and A.R. Gibb   pp. 13-19

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A new apple scab risk model that integrates ascospore release, infection risk and susceptible leaf area

R.M Beresford, W.R. Henshall and J.W. Palmer   pp. 20-24

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Adaption of potato late blight prediction models for New Zealand

W.R. Henshall and R.M Beresford   pp. 25-29

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Effects of spraying strategies based on monitoring disease risk on grape disease control and fungicide usage in Marlborough

R.H. Agnew, D.C. Mundy and R. Balasubramaniam   pp. 30-36

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Control of weeds by paper mulch in vegetables and trees

K.C. Harrington and T.A. Bedford   pp. 37-40

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Optimising tine weeding in organic wheat

F. Dastgheib   pp. 41-44

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Optimising tine weeding in organic pea crops

F. Dastgheib   pp. 45-48

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Bioprotection

Colonisation of apple and pear leaves by different strains of biological control agents of fire blight

J.L. Vanneste, D.A. Cornish, F. Spinelli and J. Yu   pp. 49-53

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Hypovirulent Rhizoctonia spp. isolates from New Zealand soils protect radish seedlings against damping-off caused by R. solani

B. Sneh, E. Yamoah and A. Stewart   pp. 54-58

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Mycoflora of rhizomes and roots of Elytrigia repens, a potential inoculum source for take-all in wheat

S.F. Chng, M.G. Cromey and R.C. Butler   pp. 59-66

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The effect of Coniothyrium minitans on sclerotial viability of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Ciborinia camelliae

K.L. McLean, M. Madsen and A. Stewart   pp. 67-71

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Comparison of the behaviour of a transformed hygromycin resistant strain of Trichoderma atroviride (M1057-hygR) with the wild-type strain (M1057)

K.L. McLean, S.L. Dodd, B.E. Sleight, R.A. Hill and A. Stewart   pp. 72-76

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Optimising production of carrot hairy roots

H.J. Ridgway, J. Kandula and A. Stewart   pp. 77-80

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Weeds of The Environment

Nassella tussock: current and potential distributions in New Zealand

D.J. Kriticos, S. Lamoureaux, G.W. Bourd˘t and W. Pettit   pp. 81-88

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Is the poor establishment and performance of heather beetle in Tongariro National Park due to the impact of parasitoids, predators or disease?

P.G. Peterson, S.V. Fowler and P. Barrett   pp. 89-93

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Vigilant® herbicide for control of two wilding conifer species, contorta pine and Douglas fir

M. Newfield and B.G. Ward   pp. 94-97

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Woolly nightshade (Solanum mauritianum) and its allelopathic effects on New Zealand native Hebe stricta seed germination

  pp. 98-101

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Safety in New Zealand weed biocontrol: a nationwide survey for impacts on non-target plants

Q. Paynter, S.V. Fowler, A.H. Gourlay, M.L. Haines, H.M. Harman, S.R. Hona, P.G. Peterson, L.A. Smith, J.R.A. Wilson-Davey, C.J. Winks and T.M. Withers   pp. 102-107

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Horticultural & Arable Pathology

Comparison of components of Fusarium head blight in doubled haploid wheat lines

M.G. Cromey, S.C. Shorter, W.B. Griffin, C.A. Munro and D.R. Lauren   pp. 108-115

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Examining the latent period of Septoria tritici blotch in a field trial of winter wheat

T. Armour, S.L.H. Viljanen-Rollinson, S.F. Chng, R.C. Butler, P.D. Jamieson and R.F. Zyskowski   pp. 116-120

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Effects of Fusarium species on defence mechanisms in sorghum seedlings

L. Huang and D. Backhouse   pp. 121-124

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The incidence of Botrytis cinerea and expression of putative host defences in green- and golden-fleshed kiwifruit of differing harvest maturity

K.V. Wurms   pp. 125-129

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Optimisation of PTA-ELISA detection and quantification of Botrytis cinerea infections in grapes

F.O. Obanor, K. Williamson, D.C. Mundy, P.N. Wood and M. Walter   pp. 130-137

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Effect of soil-borne inoculum on incidence of onion black mould (Aspergillus niger)

J.L. Tyson and R.A. Fullerton   pp. 138-141

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Bicarbonate salts and calcium cyanamide suppress apothecial production by Ciborinia camelliae

R.F. van Toor, M.V. Jaspers and A. Stewart   pp. 142-145

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Biosecurity

DNA-based detection of western gall rust

T.D. Ramsfield and D.R. Vogler   pp. 146-150

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Internal biosecurity - a realistic objective for plant nematodes?

R.N. Watson   pp. 151-155

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Principles of response to detections of new plant pest species and the effectiveness of surveillance

J.A. Wilson, B.P. Stephenson, G.S.C. Gill, J.L. Randall and C.M.C. Vieglais   pp. 156-160

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Conditional release of new organisms in New Zealand

C.M.C. Vieglais and L. Harrison   pp. 161-165

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Pupal age affects efficacy of irradiation on painted apple moth Teia anartoides

D.M. Suckling, R. Pedley and S.L. We   pp. 166-170

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Assessing competitive fitness of irradiated painted apple moth Teia anartoides (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae)

D.M. Suckling, S.L. Wee and R. Pedley   pp. 171-176

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Horticultural & Arable Entomology

Mass-rearing, establishment and dispersal of Pseudaphycus maculipennis, a biocontrol agent for obscure mealybug

J.G. Charles, D.J. Allan, D.J. Rogers, L.M. Cole, P.W. Shaw and D.R. Wallis   pp. 177-182

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Comparison of host plant preferences, fecundity and longevity for diet-reared and field-collected Fuller's rose weevil

B.J. Maher and D.P. Logan   pp. 183-190

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Synchronisation of the parasitoid Centrodora scolypopae with its host Scolypopa australis

P.J. Gerard   pp. 191-195

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Monitoring and controlling mould mites in tissue culture facilities

C.W. van Epenhuijsen and J.P. Koolaard   pp. 196-201

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Effective aerosol treatment of mould mites and onion thrips in tissue culture

C.W. van Epenhuijsen and J.P. Koolaard   pp. 202-208

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Evaluation of UV reflective mulches for protection against thrips (Thrips tabaci) in onion (Allium cepa) crops

R.F. van Toor, C. Till, D.E. James and D.A.J. Teulon   pp. 209-213

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Emergence, sexual maturation and oviposition of Aphidius ervi (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae)

X.Z. He, Q. Wang and D.A.J. Teulon   pp. 214-220

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Local variation in cereal aphid flight activity in Canterbury

D.A.J. Teulon, G.O. Lankin, M.A.W. Stufkens, J. Lee and G.R. Travis   pp. 221-226

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Crop infestation by aphids is related to flight activity detected with 7.5 metre high suction traps

D.A.J. Teulon, M.A.W. Stufkens and J.D. Fletcher   pp. 227-232

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Effectiveness and persistence of six insecticides for control of lettuce aphid on field lettuce in Canterbury, New Zealand

M.A.W. Stufkens and A.R. Wallace   pp. 233-238

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Testing for pesticide resistance in lettuce aphid

P.J. Workman, M.A.W. Stufkens, N.A. Martin and R.C. Butler   pp. 239-243

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Forestry & Agrichemicals

Field evaluation of spinosad for control of the willow sawfly (Nematus oligospilus) in Hawke's Bay

M. Disbury, R.P. Cane, J.M. Haw, S.E. Gilmer and S.J. Garner   pp. 244-247

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Attempted new association biological control of Dicranosterna semipunctata Chapuis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Paropsini)

B.D. Murphy and M.K. Kay   pp. 248-251

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Detection of a Tasmanian strain of the biological control agent Enoggera nassaui Girault (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) using mitochondrial COI

B.D. Murphy, M.K. Kay and G.R. Allen   pp. 252-256

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Phosphine as a fumigant to control Hylastes ater and Arhopalus ferus, pests of export logs

Z. Zhang, C.W. van Epenhuijsen, D.W. Brash and G.P. Hosking   pp. 257-259

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Spray retention models for vegetable crops: preliminary investigation

W.A. Forster, K.D. Steele, R.E. Gaskin and J.A. Zabkiewicz   pp. 260-265

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Use of a superspreader adjuvant to reduce spray application volumes on avocados

R.E. Gaskin, D.W. Manktelow, S.J. Skinner and G.S. Elliott   pp. 266-270

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Effect of rainfall on the movement and persistence of metsulfuron-methyl and clopyralid applied to pasture

T.K. James, A. Rahman, J.M. Mellsop and M. Trolove   pp. 271-276

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Weeds

A Lucid™ key for common weeds of New Zealand

T.K. James, A.F. Leslie, A.I. Popay and P.D. Champion   pp. 277-280

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Predicting broadleaf weed populations in maize from the soil seedbank

A. Rahman, T.K. James, J.M. Mellsop and N. Grbavac   pp. 281-285

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Evaluation of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum for giant buttercup control in dairy pastures

M.L. Verkaaik, G.A. Hurrell, G.W. Bourd˘t and D.J. Saville   pp. 286-291

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Wounding of Cirsium arvense enhances the efficacy of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum as a mycoherbicide

G.W. Bourdot, G.A. Hurrell and D.J. Saville   pp. 292-297

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Insects In Pasture

Distribution and biotypic composition of the Argentine stem weevil parasitoid in Hawke's Bay

C.B. Phillips, I.I. Iline, M.W.A. Slay, M.R. McNeill and R.P. Cane   pp. 298-303

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Colonisation of renovated pastures in Waikato by four coleopteran species

S. Hardwick   pp. 304-309

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Establishment of Serratia entomophila after application of a new formulation for grass grub control

R.J. Townsend, T.A. Jackson, C.M. Ferguson, J.R. Proffitt, M.W.A. Slay, J. Swaminathan, S. Day, E.M. Gerard, M. O'Callaghan and V.W. Johnson   pp. 310-313

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Establishing the fungus Beauveria bassiana in pasture for clover root weevil (Sitona lepidus) control

T.L. Nelson, B.E. Willoughby, D. Wilson, T. Eden and T.R. Glare   pp. 314-318

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Nodule preference by first instar clover root weevil

D.L. Hackell and P.J. Gerard   pp. 319-322

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Perennial ryegrass infected with AR37 endophyte reduces survival of porina larvae

J.G. Jensen and A.J. Popay   pp. 323-328

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The impact of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) endophyte (Neotyphodium spp.) on non target soil micro-organisms

S. Sayer, G. Burch and S.U. Sarathchandra   pp. 329-336

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Poster Abstracts

Using clopyralid for controlling boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera) seedlings

K.W. Briden and A.I. Popay   p. 337

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Leaf area dynamics of defoliated Buddleia davidii

M.S. Watt, D. Whitehead, S.F Gous, B. Richardson and E.G. Mason   p. 337

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Nutrient depletion in western flower thrips affects their response to odour and visual cues

M.M. Davidson, R.C. Butler and D.A.J. Teulon   p. 338

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Phenology of New Zealand flower thrips (Thrips obscuratus) in vineyards

K. Schmidt, D.A.J. Teulon, M-C. Nielsen, S.D. Wratten and M.V. Jaspers   p. 338

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Thrips palmi: potential survivorship and population growth in New Zealand

A.E.A. Stephens and P.R. Dentener   p. 339

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Monitoring thrips flight with 7.5 metre high suction traps

M-C. Nielsen, C.D. Fletcher and D.A.J. Teulon   p. 339

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Insecticide use patterns for aphids and virus incidence in autumn sown cereals in Canterbury

D.E. James, C.D. Fletcher and D.A.J. Teulon   p. 340

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The incursion of the lettuce aphid into Tasmania - could it have blown over from New Zealand?

M.A.W. Stufkens, S.E. Nichol, S.R. Bulman and G.M. Drayton   p. 340

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Measuring potency of Btk formulations against painted apple moth (Teia anartoides) larvae using an artificial diet bioassay

B.A. Gresham, K.D. Steele and S.F. Gous   p. 341

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Eradication of the southern saltmarsh mosquito, Ochlerotatus camptorhynchus, from Napier

S.J. Garner, M. Disbury, S.J. Crarer and R.P. Cane   p. 341

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Distribution of green vegetable bug (Nezara viridula) in macadamia orchards

L.E. Jamieson, K.J. Froud and T.E. Dawson   p. 342

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Identifying agents of population moderation for clover flea (Sminthurus viridis) in pasture

D. Wilson and B.E. Willoughby   p. 342

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Tracing of the likely entry and dispersal pathways of three recent pest and disease incursions into New Zealand

K.J. Froud, T.T. Ashcroft, D. Gunawardana, M.S. Bullians, L.B. Kumarasinghe, H.O. Pearson, B.S.M. Lebas and F.M. Ochoa-Corona   p. 343

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New plant virus and virus-like disease records in New Zealand and interceptions in post-entry quarantine: update 2002-2003

F.M. Ochoa-Corona, B.S.M. Lebas, D.R. Elliott, Z. Tang and B.J.R. Alexander   p. 343

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Control and management of lettuce big-vein disease

J.D. Fletcher, C. France and R.C. Butler   p. 344

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Diagnostic protocols for the detection of three exotic bacterial plant pathogens

M. Braithwaite   p. 344

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PCR detection of Erwinia carotovora associated with calla tuber soft rot

S. Harrow, J. Marshall and P.J Wright   p. 345

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Effects of bruising on development of bacterial soft rot in tubers of 22 potato cultivars

P.J. Wright and J.A.D. Anderson   p. 345

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Phomopsis stem blight of asparagus: field survey and fungicide screening

D. Beasley, C.M. Horlock and L-H Cheah   p. 346

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Germination of Spilocaea oleagina conidia in vitro and on olive leaves

F.O. Obanor, M. Walter, E.E. Jones and M.V. Jaspers   p. 346

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Resistance of Peronospora destructor (onion downy mildew) to metalaxyl fungicides

P.J. Wright   p. 347

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Evaluation of fungicides for control of downy mildew, anthracnose and bacterial rots of lettuce

P.J. Wright   p. 347

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Peronospora dianthi and Peronospora lamii, two downy mildews recently detected in New Zealand

C.F. Hill, H.G. Pearson and G.S.C. Gill   p. 348

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Botryosphaeria species on trees and shrubs in New Zealand

K. Dobbie   p. 348

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Novel targets for sustainable control of apple blackspot

R.W. Chynoweth and K.M. Plummer   p. 349

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Primary bioassay for evaluating Gliocladium isolates for biological control of Botrytis cinerea on strawberry flowers

S. Card, J.M Pay, M.V. Jaspers, M. Walter, A. Stewart and B. Sneh   p. 349

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Comparison of 'saprophytic' and 'pathogenic' isolates of Guignardia citricarpa using sequence analysis

K.R. Everett and J. Rees-George   p. 350

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Transformation of onion (Allium cepa L.) with a gene encoding an antimicrobial maganinin peptide to enhance disease resistance

S.A. Hunger, H.J. Ridgway, A. Stewart and C.C. Eady   p. 350

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Plant protection guides for organic arable and vegetable crops - a grower's resource

D.A.J. Teulon, P.J. Cameron, G.W. Bourd˘t, D.Curtin and M. Ralston   p. 351

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The application process for new organisms regulated by the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA), New Zealand

S.A. Whiteman and L. Harrison   p. 351

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Appendices

NZPPS Research Scholarship - Hazel Gatehouse

  p. 353

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Obituary - C. Tom Jessop

  p. 354

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Material from these papers was presented at the New Zealand Plant Protection Society's Annual Conference held at Rydges Le Grand, Hamilton on 10-12 August 2004.

This volume was edited by S.M. Zydenbos and published by The New Zealand Plant Protection Society Inc.

Please refer to the terms of use.