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New Zealand Plant Protection 69 (2016): 322

Developing lure and kill systems for thrips pest management

A.M. Kean, M-C. Nielsen, M.M. Davidson and H. London

ABSTRACT

Some thrips species (Thysanoptera) are important pests of crops in New Zealand, and are vectors of several important plant tospoviruses. 'Lure and kill' could provide an alternative or complementary control to the current practice that relies on the unsustainable use of insecticides. The efficacy of a lure and kill device was tested on thrips in a grass field. The thrips olfactory lure used was methyl isonicotinate, the visual cue was yellow and the kill component in the trap was an organophosphate insecticide applied to an absorbent material. The control device was yellow, but did not contain the lure or insecticide. The device allowed thrips to freely enter and leave, but limited the access of non-target organisms. The devices were left out for three days. The ratio of dead thrips in the control devices relative to those with insecticide was 1:34.4. Addition of the olfactory lure to the insecticide devices increased the ratio to 1:47.5. The results highlight the need for an effective olfactory lure component to ensure the insects enter and explore the trap, to be exposed to a lethal dose of the kill component. Results are discussed in relation to thrips pest management.

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