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New Zealand Plant Protection 69 (2016): 64-67

Molecular markers for quantification of bioactive fungal strains associated with Pinus radiata

K. Mellow, P. Chettri, S. Kabir, R.L. McDougal, M.P. Cox, A. Stewart, McDougal, M.P. Cox, A. Stewart, C. Lange, J.M. Steyaert and R.E. Bradshaw


Trichoderma cf. atroviride is an endophytic soil fungus, which has been the target of much research due to its plant growth promoting effects and use as a biocontrol agent. For specific bioactive strains of this species to be used with long-lived forest trees such as Pinus radiata, they must persist over the long term in the host root system. To investigate the persistence of specific T. cf. atroviride strains in the roots of P. radiata, unique regions were identified in the genomes of strains that were more than 99.7% identical by using next generation sequencing. Based on these unique regions, probe-based, strain-specific quantitative-PCR assays were developed. The assays can be used to test strain persistence in nursery and forest-grown seedlings inoculated with mixtures of T. cf. atroviride strains, as well as in laboratory experiments to determine the effect of these strains on plant metabolism and defence.

Keywords: Trichoderma, Pinus radiata, quantitative PCR, next-generation sequencing, bioinoculants.

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