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New Zealand Plant Protection 69 (2016): 25-29

Genetic diversity of Botrytis populations in New Zealand vineyards across seasons and regions

P.R. Johnston, D. Park, D. White and J.P. Wilkie

ABSTRACT

Diseases caused by Botrytis spp. are one of the major management issues in New Zealand vineyards. These fungi are genetically diverse across New Zealand's vineyards, with this diversity being reflected in differences in pathogenicity and fungicide resistance between populations. These populations are known to differ in their seasonal and regional distribution. A basic understanding of this diversity, and the factors governing its distribution, are important in developing effective control strategies against Botrytis spp. This study reviews knowledge on the phylogenetic, seasonal and regional distribution of Botrytis spp. in New Zealand vineyards. It confirms earlier reports that populations associated with diseased fruit at harvest often differ from those most frequently detected at flowering. This study also uses microsatellite data to show that the regional differences in diversity seen at flowering are not evident in the populations associated with diseased fruit at harvest.

Keywords: Botrytis, grapes, β-tubulin haplotype, transposon, microsatellite.

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