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New Zealand Plant Protection 65 (2012): 19-24

Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae on surfaces in the orchard

K.R. Everett, I.P.S. Pushparajah and M.J. Vergara


A kiwifruit orchard that had tested positive for virulent Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa-V) ca 2 km from the incursion detected in November 2010 was sampled on 13 December 2011, when the weather was overcast with some showers. Surfaces on people (hands, soles of footwear, clothing), vehicles (tyres, seats, floors, steering wheels, accelerators, brakes and gear levers), cleaned tools (shovels, tip squeezers, various handles, drill bit) and rabbit feet were rubbed with sterile cotton wool medical swabs. After incubation in bacterial growth medium, DNA was extracted and samples tested in real-time PCR with primers that detect Psa. Vehicle tyres, the upright front of a trailer towed behind a vehicle, and rabbit feet were the surfaces most frequently contaminated with Psa. The surfaces contaminated with Psa were also those that were contaminated with soil, demonstrating the importance of removing soil from implements, vehicles and clothing on infected kiwifruit orchards before using liquid sanitisers.

Keywords: bacteria, tools, people, rabbits, vehicles, contamination, soil.

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