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New Zealand Plant Protection 64 (2011): 215-221

Use of mating disruption for control of New Zealand leafrollers in apple orchards

J.T.S. Walker, D.J. Rogers, P.L. Lo, D.M. Suckling, A.M. El-Sayed, T.M. Fraser and R.M. Horner


Leafrollers are important pests of apples and infested fruit can result in rejection of export consignments. Leafroller mating disruption using a pheromone blend with activity against three species was examined in 12 Hawke's Bay orchards over two seasons (2009-10 and 2010-11). Pheromone dispensers (600/ha) and a single insecticide were applied to trees in early November, and subsequent insecticide use was based on leafroller pheromone trapping and thresholds. The pheromone blend substantially suppressed mating of virgin female lightbrown apple moth in treated orchards and reduced male catch in pheromone traps by up to 98% compared with the season prior to implementation. Insecticide use for leafroller control decreased accordingly, from 2.1-2.7 insecticides per block in 2008/09 to 1.0-1.8 in 2010/11. Leafroller control using mating disruption was acceptable, fruit damage varied from 0.3% to 0.16% and no leafroller larvae were found on fruit in both field assessments and phytosanitary inspections of packed cartons.

Keywords: New Zealand leafrollers, Tortricidae, mating disruption, apple, insecticide use.

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